Tunisian crochet, also known as Afghan crochet, is a type of crochet that uses an elongated hook, often with a stopper on the handle end, called an Afghan hook.
The fabric created by Tunisian crochet is slightly less elastic than normal crochet and substantially thicker, particularly the knit stitch. This makes it most suitable for blankets and winter knits.
The fabric (the front side) looks like this:
The fabric has a tendency to curl, and usually needs to be shaped by wetting or steaming the fabric (blocking) upon completion.
Here below you can learn the basic Tunisian or Afghan stitch.
Are you ready? Here we go!
First of all, what do you need?
yarn in colours you like
scissor and needle
Make a chain of 50 stitches.
Of course you can make less or more, it’s up on you. These instruction begins with 50.
The first row:
Insert the hook in 2nd chain stitch from the hook and draw up a loop;
retaining all loops on hook draw up a loop in each chain stitch across (see figure 1).
Now there are 50 loops on the hook.
Yarn over and draw through 1 loop,
* yarn over and draw through 2 loops.
Repeat from * across (see figure 2).
The loop which remains on hook always counts as the first stitch of next row (see figure 3).
The second row:
Insert the hook under 2nd vertical bar and draw loop through;
retaining all loops on hook draw up a loop in each vertical bar across to within last vertical bar (see figure 4).
Insert hook through the last vertical bar and the stitch directly behind it and draw a loop through – this gives a firm edge to this side (50 loops on the hook again).
And go on and on:
Repeat second row as much you want.
Then make a slip stitch in each vertical bar across and break off the yarn.
How to increase in Afghan stitch?
To increase 1 vertical bar at beginning of row, insert hook under vertical bar directly below loop on hook (see figure 3) and draw loop through.
Retaining all loops on hook work across row as before to last vertical bar – to increase 1 vertical bar at end of row, insert hook under last vertical bar and draw up a loop, insert hook under stitch directly behind last vertical bar (see figure 3) and draw loop through (1 stitch increased at both ends).
How to decrease in Afghan stitch?
To decrease 1 stitch at both ends of row,
insert hook under 2 vertical bars at one time (see figure 6) and draw loop through.
Experiment with different colours. Do a colour change in one direction and a colour change some rows further in another direction and see what happens..